Rome is the capital of Italy and the center of the ancient Roman Empire. Within Rome lies also the smallest independent state, Vatican City State, the center of the Catholic Church. Rome's historic center is full of old palaces, ruins, ornate statues, fountains and churches. The most famous attractions in town are the Colosseum, the Sistine Chapel and the Pantheon. Rome's shopping opportunities and nightlife are in constant development, and Italy's largest, and oldest fashion houses and jewelers are located here.
Monthly Weather Conditions
Rome is a glorious place to visit no matter what time of year. But the changes of weather, events and budgets separates the seasons.
June to August sees the heaviest tourist traffic. The weather is warm to hot and rainy days are few. The summer is ideal for sightseeing, dining, outdoor coffee and eating gelato, which is why so many travellers plan their trips during this time.
More information: Rome forecast and weather conditions monthly
Rome 13 most important sights:
- Campo de' Fiori: Campo de Fiori is a rectangular square south of Piazza Navona used as a marketplace during the day, and as party central for college students and tourists at night.
- Piazza Navona: One of the most famous of Romes many squares, Piazza Navona was established towards the end of the 15th century, and preserves the shape of the Stadium of Domitian that once stood here.
- Castel Sant'Angelo: Began life as the mausoleum of the Emperor Hadrian, built between 135 and 139 AD.
- Roman Forum: Was for centuries the teeming heart of ancient Rome: the site of triumphal processions and elections, a venue for public speeches and the nucleus of commercial affairs.
- Spanish Steps: A monumental stairway of 135 steps, the Spanish Steps were built with French funds between 1721 and 1725 to link the Bourbon Spanish embassy to the Holy See with the French church, Trinità dei Monti.
- Trevi Fountain: This world famous Baroque fountain features a mythological sculptural composition of Neptune, god of the sea, flanked by two Tritons.
- Vatican Museums: The Vatican Museums inside Vatican City boast some of the worlds most important relics.
- Pantheon: One of the best preserved Roman buildings, the Pantheon was built in 126 AD as a temple for the Roman gods.
- St. Peter's Basilica: A huge church with an interior height of 120 meters; the space shuttle and its booster rockets could fit inside, as could the Statue of Liberty.
- Colosseum: The Colosseum is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the Roman world.
- Le Domus Romane di Palazzo Valentini: A palazzo in central Rome, not far from Piazza Venezia.
- Centro Storico: This section of Rome is filled with a tangle of narrow streets, which offer some of the finest examples of Roman classical and Baroque architecture and style.
- Palatine Hill: The commercial, political and religious center of ancient Rome.
Recommendation for one day:
- Start with the Colosseum. The best-preserved monument of ancient Rome, this huge marble structure was built to hold more than 50,000 spectators who would gather to witness bloody contests of might and the slaughter of wild beasts.
- Then on to Arcibasilica di San Giovanni in Laterano. Known to be the first church in Christendom, it is the oldest Papal Basilica in Rome. Or you can go to Le Domus Romane di Palazzo Valentini, a 3D reconstruction of the inside of real ancient Imperial Roman luxury house ruins, it's a rare modern museum in Rome, with discovery digs always in progress, and an exclusive view of The Colonna Traiana.
- Take a walk at Centro Storico, this part of the city is filled with a tangle of narrow streets that offer some of the greatest examples of Roman classical and Baroque architecture and style.
- Visit Basilica S. Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, a spectacular church full of breathtaking statues and paintings. It is near the Termini station in Rome. Or go to the Fountain of the Four Rivers, Pope Innocenzo X commissioned Gianlorenzo Bernini in 1651 to create this monumental fountain, to adorn the piazza in front of the family palace.
- Visit Antico Caffè della Pace, it's been a favourite haunt of artists, writers, poets and comedians since the 18th century. The cosy interior is adorned with gilded antiques and mismatched tables, while the ivy-clad facade backs onto a quintessential terrace.
The recommended accommodation areas for Rome are:
Cheap area: Via della Giustiniana
Central location: Piazza di Spagna
Beach area: Fregene
Nightlife: Plaza de Pietra
Compared to prices worldwide, Rome is an average price destination.
On a tight budget, the daily budget is approximately $67.77, which includes hostel accommodation, budget meals and public transportation.
On a moderate budget, the daily budget is approximately $237.57, which includes a moderately priced hotel, meals at moderate priced restaurants and transportation costs.
- Hotel (2 stars): $78.13
- Hotel (3 stars): $96.40
- Hotel (4 stars): $126.86
- Hotel (5 stars): $290.24
- Taxi ride (3 miles): $25.49
- Taxi ride (6 miles): $42.11
- Beer in a restaurant (16 ounces): $4.99
- Meal, McDonalds: $8.86
- Meal, Inexpensive Restaurant: $16.62
Rome has been classified as fairly safe with security classification 3/5.
Safety index values (higher is better):
- General: 48.5 (a little weaker than United states average 48.9)
- Walking alone during daytime hours: 72.0 (a little better than United states average 69.0)
- Walking alone at night: 45.4 (better than United states average 41.3)
More information: Rome safety
Things which affect the renting of the car:
- Driver’s license: In the European Union / Schengen a driver's license from an EU country is sufficient, although for North Americans it is recommended to carry a separate international driving license, in addition to the American driving license.
- Direction of traffic: In Europe the traffic is mainly right-handed. The exception is Great Britain, which is left-handed traffic.
- Insurance: In Western Europe, all rental cars include some kind of insurance, so additional insurance policies are often unnecessary (unless you are going to Russia or Eastern Europe).
- Driving abroad: You can drive a rental car almost everywhere within all countries of the European Union / Schengen territory without additional fees. Eastern European countries and Russia are the exceptions and you should always ask the car rental company in advance about the rules.